People with disabilities need health care and health programs for the same reasons anyone else does—to stay well, active, and a part of the community.
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About 10 percent of the world's population, or 650 million people, live with a disability. They are the world's largest minority.
Children from families with income below the federal poverty level had a higher prevalence of developmental disabilities.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability in the United States, contributing to about 30% of all injury deaths.
82% of the general population is employed. Among all people with disabilities who are of working age, the employment rate is 52%. For people living with severe cognitive or physical disabilities, it is 26%.
The lifetime probability of becoming disabled in at least two activities of daily living or of being cognitively impaired is 68% for people age 65 and older.
Developmental disabilities begin anytime during development up to 22 years of age and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime.
The global literacy rate for adults with disabilities is as low as 3 percent, and 1 percent for women with disabilities.
The unemployment rate for people with disabilities is 65.4%; the national unemployment rate is 5%.
Occupational therapy practitioners ensure that people recovering from illness, injury or with a disability can function in all their environments with the ability they have. They reduce health costs by promoting independence and self-care.
Obesity rates for adults with disabilities are 58% higher than adults without disabilities.
An estimated 43.5 million adults in the United States have provided unpaid care to an adult or child in 2014.
One in 68 children is diagnosed on the autism spectrum in the United States.
Students with disabilities have lower rates of participation in after-school activities, leading to decreased socialization and leadership development entering adulthood.
Children who have a sibling with ASD are at a higher risk of also having an autism spectrum disorder.
30 - 35% of all persons with intellectual or developmental disabilities have a psychiatric disorder.
Developmental disabilities is common in the US (about 1 in 6 children) and that the number of such children increased 17.1% (about 1.8 million more children) over the past 12 years studied.
Nearly one in 10 caregivers of a person with a disability is 75 years old or older.
The Kaiser Family Foundation estimates that in 2011, about 1.3 million people lived in nursing facilities.
For the first time people with I/DD are living into old age, responding to this emerging demographic means knowing the challenges to be met with community resources is essential.
Low birthweight, premature birth, multiple birth, and infections during pregnancy are associated with an increased risk for many developmental disabilities